Education is typically divided into three categories: formal education, informal education, and non-formal education.
a) Formal education
Formal education is often delivered in a classroom environment within an academic institution. This is where children learn basic academic abilities such as reading and writing, in addition to more advanced academic subjects.
Alternatively referred to as ‘formal education,’ it often begins in elementary school and ends with post-secondary education. It is taught by licensed teachers or professors and adheres to a prescribed curriculum.
b) Informal education
On the other hand, informal education is education that occurs outside of the walls of an academic institution. This is frequently the case when a person develops skills or knowledge while at home, in libraries, or when surfing educational websites via a device. Informal education can also include learning from elders in one’s community.
Often, this type of instruction is not deliberate or planned, and it does not adhere to a set schedule or curriculum. It is self-directed and may also be referred to as a natural mode of education.
c) Non-formal education
Non-formal education possesses characteristics that are reminiscent of both formal and informal education. It is scheduled and systematic in nature, but is not always conducted in a classroom setting. It is often self-contained in terms of time and content and does not have an age restriction. Non-formal education is most frequently associated with community-based courses, vocational training, and short-term programs that are not led by professional instructors.